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Aircraft Profile: N1HC


FlightAware Photo
Photo Courtesy of

Possible Rendition Circuits



Operating Companies associated with this aircraft


  • United States Aviation Company


Trip Planning Companies associated with this aircraft


  • Air Routing International




N1HC is a privately-owned Gulfstream V executive jet, operated from 3 June 2006 to 25 August 2007 by the United States Aviation Company, and from 25 August 2007, by Hardesty-Gulfstream LLC.

In November 2005, the aircraft was involved in the probable rendition of detainees from secret detention in Romania to continued detention in Afghanistan. N1HC did not make the full trip between these two destinations. Instead, a second aircraft was also used to try and disguise the renditions.

The trip planning company at the time of the renditions was Air Routing International.

N1HC left Harrisburg International Airport, Pennsylvania (KMDT) in the late morning of 5 November 2005, flying to Porto, Portugal (LPPR) where it touched down for just over an hour. It then flew to Romania, filing a flight plan to Constanta (LRCK) to land in the evening. However, recordsshow that the subsequent flight was filed out of Bucharest (LRBS), where the secret prison was located, thus suggesting that the plan into LRCK was a dummy flight plan. Regardless, the flight from Romania, possibly with one or more 'High Value Detainees' on board, landed in Amman, Jordan (OJAM) at 00:21 on 6 November. Waiting for N1HC was another aircraft linked to renditions, N248AB, which had landed in Amman 30 minutes earlier (having flown from the US via Malta).

The two aircraft were on the ground together in Amman for 34 minutes, potentially while detainees were transferred from N1HC to N248AB. N1HC left Amman at 01:20, returning to the US via Iceland (BIKF). N248AB took off at 00:55, flying direct to Kabul (OKAB) and landing there at 05:12. After Kabul, N248AB flew to Athens (LGAV), where it stayed overnight. On 7 November, it then flew to Bergen, Norway (ENBR), then back to the US, finally landing at Monmouth Executive Airport, New Jersey (KBLM) late in the evening of 7 November 2005.


Aircraft Information


Type of aircraft: Gulfstream Aerospace GV-SP
Serial number: 5009
Manufacture year: 2003
Engines: Rolls-Royce BR700 Series (turbo fan)
Capacity: 20


Rendition Research Team - © University of Kent
University of Westminster University of Kent E.S.R.C